陸上自衛隊 : 戦車おさらい + 10式戦車他





The Type 10 (10式戦車 Hitomaru-Shiki Sensha; TK-X; MBT-X) is the Japan Ground Self Defense Force's 4th generation main battle tank (MBT).

The Type 10 is designed to replace or complement the existing Type 74 and Type 90 MBTs. Development began in the 1990s. A prototype was revealed on February 13, 2008 at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Sagamihara. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I (Command, Control, Communication, Computer & Intelligence) capabilities, as well as on performance, firepower, protection and mobility.

The C4I system can be incorporated into the JGSDF network to enable sharing of information among tanks, as well as connected to the infantry's outdoor computer network Regiment Command Control System (ReCS), to facilitate integrated military operations with infantry troops.

The use of modular components significantly improves the side armor compared to the Type 90. The Commander's Panoramic Sight has been moved to the right and is located at a higher position than the Type 90, giving the commander a wide range of view.

The vehicle is armed with a new 120 mm smoothbore gun, developed by Japan Steel Works, who also license-produce the Rheinmetall L44 120mm gun for the Type 90. There is an option for longer barrels of 50 and 55 calibers (L50, L55). The gun fires newly developed APFSDS, capable of penetrating 560mm of RHA, which is a significant increase compared to JM33 APFSDS. It is also compatible with all standard 120 mm NATO ammunition.

The vehicle's armor consists of modular sections, providing the ability to mount varying degrees of protection depending on the mission profile as well as weight requirements. Vehicle weight is about 40 tonnes with the base configuration, and 48 tonnes when fully equipped. The prototype featured in 2008 at TRDI weighed 44 tonnes.

The development costs as of 2008 are approximately JPY ¥48,400M (approximately USD $447M). Each unit is expected to cost approximately ¥700M ($6.5M). The Japanese Ministry of Defense formally acknowledged the Type 10 in December 2009. In 2010, the Japanese Ministry of Defense placed a ¥12,400M order for thirteen Type 10 tanks (Unit cost: ¥954M). These Type 10 tanks entered JGSDF service in January, 2012.

Other features:
  • Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) that allows the tank to reach 70 km/hr, forward as well as in reverse.
  • Autoloader with crew of three (Commander and gunner in the turret, driver in the hull).
  • Hydropneumatic active suspension, which allows it to adjust its stance and absorbs recoil when firing.
  • Day/night sights mounted around the turret, providing a full 360° coverage as well as providing input to the C4I system.

(Notes adapted from Global Security and from Wikipedia.)

Post a comment

Private comment

Profile

卍心の智

Author:卍心の智

Search form
Latest Journals
Latest comments
Monthly archive
Friend Request Form

Want to be friends with this user.

Link