HK: "SIT DOWN FOR DEMOCRACY!"

【重奪廣場】 "Regain The Square" / Occupy Central

All these protesters would be in prison or in the ground by now, except that the Chi-Coms are afraid of freaking out Taiwanese observers.







"The Occupy Central movement in Hong Kong gained momentum last week when thousands of students flooded the streets to defend democracy and fight for universal suffrage. More than 13,000 students from 25 universities, wearing white tops, turned out at the Chinese University of Hong Kong on the second day of the protest, demanding the right to nominate candidates in the election for the city’s next chief executive in 2017, and to voice their hostility to Beijing’s decree that all candidates be pre-screened by a pro-Beijing nominating committee." (Apple News, HK)


毛澤東 Máo Zédōng

  • 「最鼓舞人心的一句話!星星之火,可以燎原!一條千古不變的真理!槍桿子裏面出政權!」 "Zuì gǔwǔ rénxīn de yījù huà! Xīngxīng zhī huǒ, kěyǐ liáoyuán! Yītiáo qiāngǔ bù biàn de zhēnlǐ! Qiānggǎn zi lǐmiàn chū zhèngquán!" -- "Most inspiring words! A single spark can start a prairie fire! An ancient truth! Political power comes from the barrel of a gun.
  • 「我們的原則是黨指揮槍,而決不容許槍指揮黨。」 "Wǒmen de yuánzé shì dǎng zhǐhuī qiāng, ér jué bù róngxǔ qiāng zhǐhuī dǎng." -- "Our principle is that the Party commands the gun, and the gun must never be allowed to command the Party."
  • 「誰是我們的敵人?誰是我們的朋友?這個問題是革命的首要問題。」 "Shuí shì wǒmen de dírén? Shuí shì wǒmen de péngyǒu? Zhège wèntí shì gémìng de shǒuyào wèntí." -- Who are our enemies? Who are our friends? This is a question of the first importance for the revolution."
  • 「凡是敵人反對的,我們就要擁護;凡是敵人擁護的,我們就要反對。」 "Fánshì dírén fǎnduì de, wǒmen jiù yào yǒnghù; fánshì dírén yǒnghù de, wǒmen jiù yào fǎnduì." -- "We shall support whatever our enemies oppose and oppose whatever our enemies support."
  • " You say, 'You are dictatorial!' -- My dear sirs, you are right, that is just what we are. All the experience the Chinese people have accumulated through several decades teaches us to enforce the people's democratic dictatorship, that is, to deprive the reactionaries of the right to speak and let the people alone have that right."
  • "A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery. It cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another."
  • 「斯大林是我們最偉大的慈父與導師,我謹以中國人民和中國共產黨的名義慶祝斯大林同志的七十壽辰,祝福他的健康與長壽!全世界工人階級和國際共產主義運動的領袖——偉大的斯大林萬歲!」 "Sīdàlín shì wǒmen zuì wěidà de cí fù yǔ dǎoshī, wǒ jǐn yǐ zhōngguó rénmín hé zhōngguó gòngchǎndǎng de míngyì qìngzhù sīdàlín tóngzhì de qīshí shòuchén, zhùfú tā de jiànkāng yǔ chángshòu! Quán shìjiè gōngrén jiējí hé guójì gòngchǎn zhǔyì yùndòng de lǐngxiù——wěidà de sīdàlín wànsuì!" -- "Stalin is our greatest father and teacher. In the name of Chinese people and Chinese Communist Party, we celebrate comrade Stalin's seventy birthday. May he be in the best health and live a long life! Leader of both the world's working class and Communist Internationale — Ten thousand years of life to Stalin!" (1949年12月21日毛在莫斯科慶祝斯大林70歲生日大會上的講話。 1949-nián 12-yuè 21-rì Máo zài Mòsīkē qìngzhù sīdàlín 70 suì shēngrì dàhuì shàng de jiǎnghuà. Moscow speech on the seventieth birthday of Stalin, 21 December 1949)
  • 「革命的集體組織中的自由主義是十分有害的。它是一種腐蝕劑,使團結渙散,關係鬆懈,工作消極,意見分歧。它使革命隊伍失掉嚴密的組織和紀律,政策不能貫徹到底,黨的組織和黨所領導的群眾發生隔離。這是一種嚴重的惡劣傾向。" -- "Gémìng de jítǐ zǔzhī zhōng de zìyóu zhǔyì shì shífēn yǒuhài de. Tā shì yīzhǒng fǔshíjì, shǐ tuánjié huànsàn, guānxì sōngxiè, gōngzuò xiāojí, yìjiàn fēnqí. Tā shǐ gémìng duìwǔ shīdiào yánmì de zǔzhī hé jìlǜ, zhèngcè bùnéng guànchè dàodǐ, dǎng de zǔzhī hé dǎng suǒ lǐngdǎo de qúnzhòng fāshēng gélí. Zhè shì yīzhǒng yánzhòng de èliè qīngxiàng." -- "Liberalism is extremely harmful in a revolutionary collective. It is a corrosive which eats away unity, undermines cohesion, causes apathy and creates dissension. It robs the revolutionary ranks of compact organization and strict discipline, prevents policies from being carried through and alienates the Party organizations from the masses which the Party leads. It is an extremely bad tendency."
  • "Not to have a correct political point of view is like having no soul."
  • "China is such a populous nation, it is not as if we cannot do without a few people."


Occupy Central adopts "Taiwan model" for protests

AsiaNews.it, Hong Kong, China, 09/19/2014: The goal is to maintain calm during demonstrations, as the 'sunflower' movement did in Taipei, which forced the Taiwan government to back down on a trade pact with Beijing. The behaviour of pro-Beijing officials is eliciting growing disdain. They are "resorting to red-guard tactics to resist change".

Hong Kong (AsiaNews) - The next street demonstrations organised by Occupy Central in favour of democracy in Hong Kong will follow Taiwan's 'sunflower' movement: no impulsive behaviour, violent provocations or masks to hide one's identity.

The movement's leaders want their action to be peaceful and non-violent. They want members to demonstrate safely, without violent police responses.

Speaking to South China Morning Post, Chan Kin-man, one of the organisers of Occupy Central, made explicit reference to the events that took place in Taipei about six months ago.

Thanks to those protests, the Taiwanese authorities had to backtrack on trade pact with Beijing whilst violent clashes and summary arrests were avoided.

"Both movements share the principle of peaceful struggle," Chan said, but "the sunflower movement was ad hoc and we have gone through a much longer period of discussion beforehand".

Self-policing was necessary, he explained, to prevent some participants from taking more radical action, he added. Soon, this will be put to the test.

Occupy is expected to block streets in the heart of the city after Beijing set tight restrictions on Hong Kong democracy by restricting candidate nominations for the 2017 chief executive election.

Another "hot" event is the strike of the students set for next Monday. The Hong Kong Student Federation of Students has called on all secondary school students in the Special Region to boycott classes for a week.

The pro-Beijing faction has reacted by saying that "activists were not much different from triad gangsters," and threatened reprisals against schools that do not punish students.

In an editorial, Albert Cheng - a well-known face on Hong Kong television in Hong Kong, better known as "Tai Pan" - responded, lambasting the "Beijing mouthpieces" who "Instead of lowering the political temperature, [. . .] have often ended up inciting more discontent."

The "line-up of talking heads" trying to argue the mainland's case are "the usual ultra-conservatives hand-picked as NPC delegates and members of the Executive Council. They include Elsie Leung Oi-sie, Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai, Maria Tam Wai-chu, Fanny Law Fan Chiu-fun and Arthur Li Kwok-cheung.

"Their smear tactics and the proposal to out the people who will participate in the student strike, he explained, are a "reminder of tactics employed during the Cultural Revolution, when people were urged to betray even those closest to them in the interests of the party."

"These pro-Beijing figures in Hong Kong are typically aged over 60 and thus witnessed the catastrophe of the Cultural Revolution. They often seek to compare the student activists to Mao Zedong's red guards", but they are the one "resorting to red-guard tactics to resist change."



Thousands of Hong Kong students in the streets "for democracy and freedom"

AsiaNews.it, Hong Kong, China, 09/23/2014: Over 13,000 people join peaceful strike that starts a weeklong protest action against Beijing's restrictions on universal suffrage. Participants include students from mainland China who are impressed by protesters' passion. "It's great for Hong Kong students to have their say. We do not have it on the mainland. Even if we have thoughts, we dare not say them out loud," said one student.

Hong Kong (AsiaNews) - More than 13,000 people turned up in support of the classroom boycott, forming a white sea according to some local media at the Chinese University campus where the protest action had started. The gathering included teachers, secondary school pupils and members of the public, as well as mainland students, all united in their desire to persuade Beijing to respect its promises to grant Hong Kong full universal suffrage.

The Federation of Students and the group Scholarism organised the protest. Federation's secretary general Alex Chow Yong-kang ended this morning's events outside the offices of the current Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying. Along with scores of student leaders, he brought "a pen and notebook", calling on Leung to meet them within 48 hours.

Members of the Federation of Students and other activists tried to present Leung with a pen and paper to remind him of what he said during his 2012 election campaign as a token of his willingness to listen to the public.

After the Chinese central government rejected local demands in relation to the 2017 vote, Occupy Central - a non-violent pro-democracy movement active in the former British colony - began strikes and public protests.

Instead, Beijing decided to implement a system of election that would allow two or three candidates to run for the top post, indirectly expressing voters' wishes.

For students from the mainland, the protest represents a dilemma. One, from Beijing, said she had "no idea which side is right". Still, another was impressed by the protesters' passion. "This is very powerful. It's great for Hong Kong students to have their say. We do not have it on the mainland. Even if we have thoughts, we dare not say them out loud," said the woman.

Now however, mainland China's restrictions against protest in Hong Kong could get even tighter as Beijing plans to play a more active role in the city's affairs.

In fact, during a meeting between President Xi Jinping with senior figures from the former British colony, the Communist leader told the representatives of the city's business and professional sectors that "'one country, two systems" will stay, but that it must be tailored to the specific situation of the country and the city.




Hong Kong police surround stragglers at Occupy Central protest

By Violet Law,  Los Angeles Times, 27 September 2014

Hong Kong police move in as student protest morphs into Occupy Central demonstration

Police moved in early Sunday to surround the remnants of a pro-democracy demonstration as it morphed from a student-led protest into one spearheaded by the Occupy Central movement, which took its name and inspiration from the Occupy movement in the United States.

After the student-led protest drew tens of thousands of people to rally outside Hong Kong’s government offices Saturday night, Occupy Central launched its protest about 2 a.m. Sunday, only to see most of the crowd wither away before police made a show of force about 7 a.m.

By 8 a.m., officers had encircled the demonstrators but were not making any effort to physically remove them.

Authorities have said the Occupy Central campaign is illegal. Like the student-led protests, it is fighting new election rules for Hong Kong issued by mainland Chinese authorities.

Before the police moved in, Benny Tai, an Occupy Central organizer and Hong Kong University law professor, faced the rapidly shrinking crowd and said, “We’ll still try to defend our position here against any action by the police and then move on to where we want to be, Central,” referring to Hong Kong’s financial district.

Saturday marked the second night of the standoff between Hong Kong police and democracy activists, who occupied a public plaza at the Chinese territory’s main government compound, despite repeated attempts by officers to disperse the growing crowd. More than 70 people, most of them university and high school students, were arrested in the first two days.

As midnight approached Saturday, thousands were massed in and around the complex. The move to occupy the plaza came after thousands of university students skipped classes last week to protest election guidelines issued by mainland Chinese government authorities for Hong Kong’s 2017 elections.

Demonstrators say the rules will prevent a truly free and fair election for Hong Kong’s chief executive, the highest office in the semiautonomous territory that was a British colony until 1997.

Among those arrested Saturday was a feisty local lawmaker, Leung Kwok-hung, a.k.a. Longhair. He and dozens of others were detained after 17-year-old protest leader Joshua Wong, the diminutive but passionate head of a high-school activist group, Scholarism, was dragged off by four officers Friday night.

Joshua was reportedly denied bail and remained in detention while police searched his bedroom in the apartment he shares with his parents, Grace and Roger Wong. The couple issued a statement saying, “We can therefore only conclude that the decision to continue to detain him is a political one and that this [is] in fact political persecution.”

When Sunday dawned, many students had left, with their leaders in police detention. No more than a couple thousand activists remained. But Tai said the two student groups, the Hong Kong Federation of Students and Scholarism, had signed on to his campaign.

Tension over the 2017 vote has been building for months in Hong Kong, which returned to Chinese sovereignty under a framework known as “one country, two systems.” The territory’s 7 million citizens enjoy significantly greater civil liberties than their counterparts in Communist-run mainland China.

Local lawmakers must ratify the final 2017 election rules. Those protesting this weekend are seeking to encourage legislators to reject the framework put forth by Beijing or somehow modify it.

Although Chinese authorities have approved the idea of allowing all Hong Kong citizens to cast ballots for chief executive — rather than just a 1,200 member committee — protesters say limits on who can run will ensure that only candidates Beijing approves of will be allowed in the race.

The Occupy movement — its full name is Occupy Central With Love and Peace — has been planning a sit-in Wednesday in the city’s financial hub, known as Central. The date is a national holiday marking the 1949 founding of Communist-led China.

Hong Kong has seen much bigger rallies, marches and demonstrations in recent years, some attracting hundreds of thousands of people, but the standoff this weekend was notable for its rancor and the use of force by police. In general, Hong Kong protests tend to be disciplined and orderly.

Between tense episodes of police pressing into protesters with metal barricades, pockets of supporters occasionally broke into chants to voice their demands.

“The students are innocent. The students are innocent.”

“Officers, back off! Back off! Back off!”

The crowd was largely young, but many older citizens joined in, with some saying they now see the city’s political future in the students’ hands, while bemoaning the lack of a larger turnout.

Gary Chan, a 51-year-old investment manager, said he came alone because most of his friends don’t care about elections. “I asked them: ‘Why don’t you care about your own city?’” he said.

Yet, scenes of police in riot gear using pepper spray and batons on unarmed students and activists appeared to motivate sympathetic Hong Kongers to turn out at government headquarters Saturday. Supporters came bearing food, bottled water and medical equipment, with supplies piling up on the sidewalks.

In a statement issued Saturday, the Hong Kong police said officers “respect the public's freedoms of expression, speech and assembly.”

But three pro-Beijing political parties in Hong Kong issued a joint statement condemning the students’ actions as illegal.

Despite all this, Eric Chong, researcher on local student movements at the Hong Kong Institute of Education, predicted the string of mass movements “sure will erode the government’s legitimacy because the public sees it as maintaining its rule by sheer force.”

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卍心の智

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