Business-as-usual in the Third World: One scumbag plans to overthrow another scumbag. Just like in the United Kingdom.

Sam Sary was a Cambodian politician. He was a son of Sam Nhean, a prominent politician in the 1940s, who was President of the Royal Council of Cambodia. Sam Sary's son is Sam Rainsy, a leader of Cambodia's main opposition party.

Sam was a close confidant of King Norodom Sihanouk, and was Deputy Prime Minister in the Sihanouk's government in the 1950s. In 1955, Sihanouk installed his father as king, and with Sam's help founded the Sangkum Reastr Niyum -- a conservative, socialist, monarchist, Buddhist, fascist movement that ruled Cambodia until 1970.

Keng Vannsak, a famous Cambodian writer and intellectual, who was the mentor of Saloth Sar (Pol Pot) and an associate of The Cambodian Gang of Four and future Khmer Rouge head-of-state Khieu Samphan in Paris:

"The evil genius behind the repression was Sam Sary -- a bestial man. As an investigating magistrate in the 1940s, he had beaten suspects to death with his own hands. Then he went study in France. In 1955, he joined the Sangkum and became Sihanouk's closest aide ... After Sihanouk decided to use strong-arm tactics, Sary handed out money and arms to hire ruffians to come and break our meetings."

Sam and Sihanouk had a falling out after Sam was exposed in corruption, selling import licenses.

In 1958, Sam  was then appointed by Sihanouk as Cambodia's ambassador to London, in order to extricatingte him from a scandal involving pepper-smuggling. He went to the United Kingdom with an entourage of four women -- his official wife (with their five children, including Sam Rainsy) and three mistresses.

During his tenure as ambassador, Sam was embroiled in an international scandal for beating his pregnant servant, who escaped to the protection of the London police. Iv Eng Seng (or Soeung Son Maly, a former consort of Saloth Sar, "Pol Pot"), who later bore Sam a child, accused him of severely beating her for "minor mistakes". Sam admitted to having beaten her: "I corrected her by hitting her with a Cambodian string whip. I never hit her on the face, always across the back and the thighs -- a common sort of punishment in my country."

The scandal made headlines in the London tabloids and he was recalled to Cambodia and stripped of all of his duties. After returning to Cambodia, Sam became more and more anti-Sihanouk. He published a newspaper that was openly critical of the Prince’s policies. He tried to start his own political party but without success. His anti-Sihanouk activities were dubbed the Sam Sary Affairs.

Sam was then involved in election fraud and intimidation, and participated in the 1959 Bangkok Plot against Prince Norodom Sihanouk. On 13 January 1959, in a speech delivered in Kampong Cham, Sihanouk told his listeners that he knew about U.S. intelligence plots to overthrow him. A week later, Sam Sary fled to Thailand. After a shadowy existence in exile, he disappeared in 1963.

+ + +

Saloth Sar (Pol Pot) attended the Lycee Sisowath with Khieu Ponnary, Khieu Thirith and Kim Trang (Ieng Sary). They all went to study in Paris, where Khieu Thitith married Ieng. Saloth and Ieng met with French communist intellectuals, and formed their own cell of Cambodian communists. They all then returned home, where Khieu Ponarry marry Saloth on Bastille Day, 1956. The two sisters and their husbands later became known as "Cambodia's Gang of Four." Khieu Ponnary returned to Lycee Sisowath as a teacher, while Saloth taught at the private college, Chamraon Vichea.

From 1963 to 1981, Saloth Sar served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea (Cambodia). From 1976 to 1979, he also served as the prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea. Pol Pot became the dictatorial ruler of Cambodia on April 17, 1975. He was overthrown by the Communist Vietnamese in 1979, and lived in the jungle for the next 20 years. His brother-in-law, Kim Trang (Ieng Sary) was the Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Democratic Kampuchea from 1975 to 1979.

Saloth Sar dnd Ieng Sary were tried in absentia, and sentenced to death. King Norodom Sihanouk pardoned Ieng in 1996 who hen became an influential poilitician in the new democratic Cambodia, until his arrest in 2007.

The only survivor of The Gang of Four is Ieng Thirith, who was arrested by the Extraordinary Chamber in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) in 2007, with her husband, Ieng Sary, on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Ieng Sary died awaiting trial, and Ieng Thirith is currently released, on medical grounds.

+ + +

Norodom Sihanouk (1922-2012) was King of Cambodia 1941-1955 and 1993-2004. He was the effective ruler of Cambodia 1953-1970. His Sangkum movement incorporated royalists, conservatives, communists, fascists and Buddhist nationalsist.

After being deposed by Lon Nol in 1970 (for having allowed the North Vietnamese to use Cambodia to transport weapons to the Viet Cong, as part of Cambodia's policy of "neutrality"), Sihanouk formed his GRUNK government-in-exile, incorporating Khmer Rouge communists. He was condemned to death in absentia, as a traitor.

After the Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia in 1975, former Sangkum deputy Khieu Samphan (a communist whom Sihanouk had had arrested and then had put in power to keep conservatives from gaining too much popularity) was appointed as the Khmer Rouge head-of-state, and Pol Pot ordered that Sihanouk be kept under palce arrest.

After the Vietnamese invasion, Sihanouk was sent to the UN in New York to protest the invasion. He then sought refuge from the Cambodian and Vietnamese Communists in Communist China (which had backed the Khmer Rouge) and then in Communist Korea.

While based in North Korea, the deposed king worked with the Heritage Foundation's Michael Johns (later a George H.W. Bush speechwriter, an executive at Eli Lilly and Gentiva, and now a Tea Party spokesman), who liased between the White House and Sihanouk's forces in Cambodia.

Following the Vietnamese withdrawal from Cambodia, Sihanouk returned to Cambodia with his North Korean bodyguard for his new coronation.

In 2004, Sihanouk went into exile in North Korea, and then in Communist China.

He renounced the throne to his son, and was proclaimed His Majesty The King Father of Cambodia by the government.

+ + +

Norodom Sihamoni (b. 1953) succeeded his father, Sihanouk.

King Norodom Sihamoni's mother was the "beauty queen" Paule-Monique Izzi, the daughter of a Corsican Franco-Italian banker. The present king was Cambodia's ambassador to UNESCO.

King Norodom Sihamoni recently pardoned Sam Sary's son, Sam Rainsy.

+ + +

Hun Nal/"Hun Sen" (b. 1952) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and leader of the Cambodian People's Party (CPP), which has governed Cambodia since the Vietnamese-backed overthrow of the Khmer Rouge in 1979. Since the restoration of multi-party democracy in 1993, the CPP has been in a coalition with the royalist Funcinpec party.

Hun Sen is the third longest serving leader in Southeast Asia and is one of the longest serving prime ministers in the world, having been in power through various coalitions since 1985.

Hun's paternal great-granparents were Teochew Chinese. His wife is also Chinese.

Hun Nal quit school to join the Khmer Rouge, and two years later changed his name to Hun Sen. In 1977, Hun Sen and his battalion cadres fled Democratic Kampuchea (Communist Cambodia) to seek refuge in Vietnam. He became one of the leaders of the rebel army and puppet government that the Vietnamese sponsored when they prepared to invade Cambodia. In 1979, the Vietnamese appointed Hun Sen as Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of the Vietnamese-installed People's Republic of Kampuchea/State of Cambodia (PRK/SOC).

As the de facto leader of Cambodia, in 1985, he was "elected" as Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Prime Minister, after the death of Chan Sy. Prince Norodom Sihanouk referred to Hun as "The one-eyed lackey of the Vietnamese".

After losing a UN-monitored election in 1993, Hun refused to step down as Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Prime Minister, and negotiated a transitional government agreement that allowed him to remain as Co-Prime Minister while retaining the chairmanship of the CPP. From 1993 until 1998, Hun and Prince Norodom Ranariddh served as Co-Prime Ministers.

The Royalist party (Funcinpec) then began to discuss alliances with the remaining Khmer Rouge rebels (with whom it had been allied against Hun Sen's Vietnamese-backed government during the 1980s), with the goal of increasing their power to match that of Hun Sen. In response, Hun Sen launched the 1997 Cambodian Coup, summarily executing Funcinpec ministers, and replacing Ranariddh with Ung Hout as his Co-Prime Minister. After the CPP's victory in the 1998 "election", Hun Sen became the country's sole Prime Minister. Hun justified his coup as a pre-emptive strike against Royalist Anarchists.

In 2003 "elections", Hun Sen's CPP increased its majority in the National Assembly, with Funcinpec losing seats to both the CPP and the Sam Rainsy Party. However, the CPP majority was short of the two-thirds constitutional requirment for forming a uniparty government, so the CPP and Funcinpec parties united in 2004. Norodom Ranariddh became Head of the National Assembly, and Hun Sen remained as Prime Minister.

Hun Sen has been implicated in or accused of numerous instances of corruption, including in relation to Cambodia's oil wealth and mineral resources. Eight villagers were arrested for painting "SOS" and painting a picture of US puppet President Obama on their rooftops, in the hop ethat Obama would prevent Hun Sen's government from seizing their land to lengthen a runway at the Phnom Penh airport.

Hun Sen and his wife Bun Rany have three sons and three daughters: Manet, Mana, Manit, Mani, Mali and Malis. Manet is a West Point Academy graduate who obtained his PhD in Economics at the University of Bristol. In 2010, he was promoted to the rank of Major General in the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and became the Deputy Commander of the Prime Minister's Body Guard headquarters.

+ + +

Sam Rainsy (son of Sam Sary) was born in Phnom Penh in 1949. He moved to France in 1965, studied there and then worked as an investment manager and as executive director in a variety of Parisian financial concerns. He became a member of the Cambodian Funcinpec Party, returned to Cambodia in 1992, and in 1993 was elected as a Member of Parliament.

He became Minister of Finance, but was expelled from the party after losing a vote of no-confidence in 1994. In 1995, he founded the Khmer Nation Party (KNP), which changed its name before the 1998 elections to the Sam Rainsy Party (SRP). Sam Rainsy was again elected as an MP in 1998, and his party polled 14% of the vote. In the 2003 elections, it polled 22% of the vote.

Sam went into self-imposed exile in 2005, citing fears of arrest, after a vote in the National Assembly removed parliamentary immunity from himself and fellow SRP MPs Chea Poch and Cheam Channy. On the same day, Cheam Channy was arrested, and detained in the Cambodian Military Prison.

Sam faced multiple criminal defamation charges after accusing the Cambodian People's Party and Funcinpec of corruption in the formation of their coalition government. He also accused Hun Sen of involvement in the 2004 murder of SRP-affiliated union leader Chea Vichea.

Sam was tried in absentia in 2005, in relation to his defamatory comments. He was sentenced to 18 months in prison. In 2006, Sam received a Royal Pardon from King Norodom Sihamoni, at Prime Minister Hun Sen's request, and returned to Cambodia.

Sam Rainsy is married to Tioulong Samura, who is an MP in his party.

In 2009, Sam led residents at the Cambodia-Vietnam border in a protest against alleged Vietnamese encroachment on Cambodian territory. He is alleged to have encouraged villagers to uproot border markings that he claimed had been illegally placed by Vietnam. Vietnam’s foreign ministry condemned his actions, and asked the Cambodian government to protect the two nations' ongoing border-demarcation process.

The Vietnamese called Sam’s actions, “perverse, undermining common assets, violating laws of Cambodia and Vietnam, treaties, agreements and deals between the two countries”.

In response, the Cambodian government charged Sam with racial incitement and destruction of property, and the Cambodian parliament stripped him of his immunity from prosecution. He was issued a summons to appear in court for a hearing. On 2010.01.01, an arrest warrant for Sam was issued after he failed to appear in court. He then fled the country and took refuge in France. In September 2010, he was tried in absentia and sentenced to 10 years in prison.

On 2013.07.12, King Norodom Sihamoni granted a royal pardon to Rainsy at the request of Prime Minister Hun Sen, allowing the opposition leader to return to Cambodia without threat of imprisonment, although he remains ineligible for candidacy in the July 28, 2013 general election.

Sam Rainsy returned to Cambodia on 2013.07.19, and was greeted by massive crowds as the saviour of the nation.

Sam Rainsy 2013 07 19 return to Cambodia

Post a comment

Private comment

Khmer Mentality

Khmer people need to learn to stop the infighting and unite to build a better nation for the people. Leaders put their own interests ahead of the people when they do not make an effort to compromise for the sake of the nation. This is all too typical of the Cambodian politics and history.



Search form
Latest Journals
Latest comments
Monthly archive
Friend Request Form

Want to be friends with this user.